These orchids have pseudobulbs from which leaves originate and based on the number of leaves they generate we can speak of monopholized or bifoliated cattleya orchid.
Monofoliate plants have a single leaf and much larger flowers even if in a smaller number than bifoliate which, however, have at least two leaves instead. Pseudobulbs arise from a stem that grows horizontally.
The flowering that develops at the apex of the stem is usually composed of about ten flowers. These have petals and sepals of the same color but the labellum, on the other hand, has jagged edges and is stained with different colors than those of the whole flower.
The flower stem is produced once every year, therefore, once the flowers appear faded, it can be cut with gardening scissors
The cattleya is a plant that is cultivated quite easily and needs a vegetative rest which usually goes from October to April. During this period the plant still needs to be exposed to sunlight, but the watering will have to be suspended.
Its roots are very particular because they need airiness, therefore it is advisable to keep it in pots with many holes, so that there is the possibility of a good passage of air but also of a good drainage.
A really significant feature of this orchid is that the generations of the plant can be clearly visible on the stem. Going backwards horizontally you will notice a pseudobulb with a flowering stem and before it a stem without flowers as it is older and therefore already faded.
Origin cattleya orchids
The cattleya genus was discovered in 1924 when a wealthy Englishman who cultivated exotic plants, Mr. William Cattley of Barnet, one day found among the plants that had been sent to him, particular leaves that had been used as packaging. William, intrigued, planted them and as soon as a seedling blossomed, not knowing what it was, he had it studied by the botanist Jhon Lindley who classified it as a new and never seen genus, baptizing it Cattleya from the name of the discoverer.