General particular clematis
Clematis are herbaceous perennial plants, there are several species, spread throughout the northern hemisphere; in addition to the species, there are also many hybrids, several hundred, typically created using only a few species; there are so many clematis in nature, that botanists often tend to divide the genus into different groups, depending on the shape of the flower, the vigor of the vegetation, the place of origin, the flowering period. Despite the large number, they are not a very successful plant in Italian gardens, where typically only a few shy examples of large-flowered garden hybrids appear (apart from obviously the collections of fans of the genus). And it is a pity, because in fact there are clematis of all kinds, for all tastes; cultivation is not easy, especially during the hot Italian summers, but there are some botanical species of clematis that bloom in between the end of winter and spring, so that the cool and humid climate helps us to obtain a flowering prolonged and abundant.
Herbaceous deciduous plant, native to the European and Asian mountainous areas; it produces lianose vegetation, consisting of thin fickle, climbing or prostrate, dark-colored, well-branched stems; the leaves are broad, divided into lobes, with indented margin, dark green in color. In early spring it produces many pendulous flowers, with purple stamens, and white or cream center; these species produce many flowers, there are some varieties, with a white, pink or purple flower. Cultivation is quite simple: they prefer semi-shaded or shaded positions, do not fear frost, therefore they can easily find a place in the garden, near a wall or a fence, which they will tend to cover over the years. They love fertile, fairly humid and fresh soils, which do not remain completely dry for a long time, slightly acidic or even alkaline; generally they are planted in autumn, working the soil well, mixing universal and manure soil. Throughout the summer it is good to water the plants, avoiding leaving them dry for long periods of time, which could also lead to the death of the whole plant. Alpine clematis bloom on the stems of the previous year, therefore autumn prunings should be avoided, which would remove most of the future shoots.