Boundary hedges: properties and characteristics
Hedges can be used to mark the property boundary between one area or another, or between your land and the road. In this case, however, it is necessary to respect the regulatory distances provided for in the regulations of the municipality where you are located, or, in their absence, those provided for by local customs. If, however, there are no provisions in municipal regulations and local customs, the measures established by the Civil Code, in articles 892-896, apply. In particular, tall trees (plants that reach 6-7 meters or that have branches that sprout from 3 meters in height) stand three meters from the line that delimits the property. Non-tall trees (plants that branch below three meters in height), should be placed 150 centimeters from the edge of the property. Shrubs, vines, hedges, climbing plants and fruit trees can be placed half a meter from the border. This does not apply to stump hedges (they must be placed one meter), and to black hedge hedges (placed one and a half meters). If there are walls on the borders, the hedges and trees can be planted in contact with the wall, but only if they are lower than the wall.
Hedge with evergreen plants
To be sure, the distances indicated above do not take into account the subsequent development of plants. In fact, the distance from the property's border line is based on the trunk or stem as it was at the time the plant was planted, or from the place where the planting was made. That said, let's go over the types of border hedge. An evergreen hedge remains thick throughout the year, therefore they are the most suitable to make this type of hedge. In addition, they are often composed of plants that are easy to grow and have no particular needs. Some evergreen plants used as border hedges are the aucuba, the bamboo (very vigorous, sometimes weed), the berberis (it is a thorny hedge), and the boxwood (slow developing). Other varieties are pyracantha (a thorny hedge that develops rapidly), cotoneaster, euonymus, eleagnus (also spiny), privet and laurel. We also find the prunus laurocerasus (the classic prunus, typically used in hedges, very vigorous with rapid growth) and the quercus ilex (the classic holm oak, widely used along roads and avenues).